Careful study of a given subject, field, or problem, undertaken to discover facts or principles. An act or period of such study: To study something thoroughly so as to present in a detailed, accurate manner: To do research for: All effort directed toward increased knowledge of natural phenomena and environment and toward the solution of problems in all fields of science. This includes basic and applied research. Switch to new thesaurus.
A seeking of knowledge, data, or the truth about something: Forschung recherchieren Erforschung forschen. He is engaged in cancer research; His researches resulted in some amazing discoveries; also adjective a research student.
He's researching into Thai poetry. References in periodicals archive? Pressure Cell Disruption System. Basic research is defined as systematic study directed toward fuller knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts without specific applications towards processes or products in mind. In basic research the objective of the sponsoring agency is to gain fuller knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts without specific applications toward processes or products in mind.
OMB Circular A, Research directed toward the increase of knowledge, the primary aim being a greater knowledge or understanding of the subject under study.
Commission of the European Communities: While there is no strict, unanimously accepted definition of what constitutes basic research, in practice one can identify and distinguish from other types of research, those which are carried out with no direct link to a given application and, if not exclusively, in any case and above all with the objective of progressing knowledge.
Applied research is defined as systematic study to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized and specific need may be met. The investigation of some phenomena to discover whether its properties are appropriate to a particular need or want.
In contrast, basic research investigates phenomena without reference to particular human needs and wants. Aimed at gaining knowledge or understanding to determine the means by which a specific, recognized need may be met.
In industry, applied research includes investigations oriented to discovering new scientific knowledge that has specific commercial objectives with respect to products, processes, or services. Applied research is undertaken either to determine possible uses for the findings of basic research or to determine new ways of achieving some specific, predetermined objectives.
As used in this survey, industrial applied research is investigation that may use findings of basic research toward discovering new scientific knowledge that has specific commercial objectives with respect to new products, services, processes, or methods. Inquiry aimed at gaining the knowledge or understanding to meet a specific, recognized need of a practical nature, especially needs to achieve specific commercial objectives with respect to products, processes, or services.
Any research which is used to answer a specific question, determine why something failed or succeeded, solve a specific, pragmatic problem, or to gain better understanding. Focused, systematic study and investigation undertaken to discover the applications and uses of theories, knowledge, and principles in actual work or in solving problems. Systematic study to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized and specific need may be met.
Research designed for the purpose of producing results that may be applied to real world situations. Research that studies the relationship or applicability for theories or principles of a particular field to a particular problem. Research done with the intent of applying results to a specific problem. Evaluation is a form of applied research. This can be conducted as part of an action research approach.
Research aimed at improving the quality of life and solving practical problems. The aim is to address an immediate problem. The purpose is to try ideas in the context of educational classroom settings. Applied research is that effort that 1 normally follows basic research, but may not be severable from the related basic research, 2 attempts to determine and exploit the potential of scientific discoveries or improvements in technology, materials, processes, methods, devices, or techniques, and 3 attempts to advance the state of the art.
Applied research does not include efforts whose principal aim is design, development, or test of specific items or services to be considered for sale; these efforts are within the definition of the term development. Conducted to solve particular problems or answer specific questions. In applied research the objective of the sponsoring agency is to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine how a recognized need may be met. Utilizing pure research to develop real-world products.
As opposed to basic research, applied research is the type of research which is conducted to solve practical problems, find cures to illnesses, develop therapies with the purpose of helping people, and other similar types of practical problem-solving research.
National Security Decision Directives: Fundamental research is basic and applied research in science and engineering where the resulting information is ordinarily published and shared broadly within the scientific community. National Security Decision Directive No restriction may be placed upon the conduct or reporting of federally funded Fundamental Research that has not received national security classification.
Executive Order Federal Acquisition Regulation In contracts for basic or applied research universities or colleges, no restrictions may be placed upon the conduct of or reporting on the results of unclassified basic or applied research, except as provided in applicable U. It is DOD policy … to allow the publication and public presentation of unclassified contracted fundamental research results.
The mechanism for control of information generated by DOT funded contracted fundamental research … is security classification. Defense of Basic Research by Joseph Henry: In , Henry defended basic research. All knowledge is profitable; profitable in its ennobling effect on the character, in the pleasure it imparts in its acquisition, as well as in the power it gives over the operations of mind and matter.
All knowledge is useful; every part of this complex system of nature is connected with every other. The discovery of to-day, which appears unconnected with any useful process, may, in the course of a few years, become the fruitful source of a thousand inventions. The Department of Defense DOD supports basic research to advance fundamental knowledge in fields important to national defense. Over the past six years, however, several groups have raised concern about whether the nature of DOD-funded basic research is changing.
The concerns include these: Funds are being spent for research that does not fall under DOD's definition of basic research; reporting requirements have become cumbersome and onerous; and basic research is handled differently by the three services.
Specifically the NRC was to determine if the programs in the DOD basic research portfolio are consistent with the DOD definition of basic research and with the characteristics associated with fundamental research. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website. Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one.
Related to Fundamental research: Basic Research, Action research, Applied research, Qualitative Research, Quantitative research research the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge.
"Fundamental research means experimental or theoretical work under taken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundations of phenomena and observable facts, without any direct practical application or use in view." Source: 'Community framework for state aid for research and development and innovation' (/C /01).
Definition of fundamental research: Variationfundamental analysisnounan examination of the basic factors which affect a market. Fundamental research definition: research carried out to deepen understanding of the fundamental or basic principles of | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples.
Research conducted by scientists, engineers, or students at an accredited institution of higher learning in the U.S. normally will be considered fundamental No restrictions on publication of scientific and technical information resulting from the project activity, except. Fundamental research, also known as basic research or pure research does not usually generate findings that have immediate applications in a practical level. Fundamental research is driven by curiosity and the desire to expand knowledge in .