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What are castles?

After William the Conqueror and the Normans invaded England, they immediately set to work building motte and bailey castles — these gave everyone who lived inside a good way to defend themselves against enemy attackers, and they were built close enough together so people in one castle could warn people in another one quickly if they saw the enemy coming.

Mottes hills gave the castle lord a way to see far off into the distance from the security of his keep, so he could see exactly what the enemy was up to without having to leave the safety of the castle.

New features were added such as round towers, layers of walls, and lots of places for soldiers to hide and surprise the enemy when they attacked.

Castles began to be less secure with the development of cannons powerful enough to damage castle walls in the 15th Century. When an enemy could destroy the castle walls by continually firing cannons at them, they could no longer protect their inhabitants. Most castle building had stopped by the 16th Century. Many castles fell into disuse and became ruins. Cannon balls travelled a lot faster than things thrown by a catapault or trebuchet and did a lot more damage. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be.

Everything about a castle was built to keep the people inside safe. It is made up of many different parts — not just one building. The main building inside the castle is the keep, which was protected by walls and towers. The first castles were built by the Normans and were called motte and bailey castles. Some of the first castles were made from wood to start with before they were built from stone.

Stone is a longer lasting material, and more difficult for attackers to break down. They were built on hills so enemies could be seen coming from far away. Castles were only as good as their defences — these included ramparts, bastions and arrow loops. Edward I had concentric castles built in England — he added more than one curtain wall around the castle so the enemy would have a harder time breaking through.

These were expensive to build though. Chepstow Castle started to be built. Castles started to be built using stone. The trebuchet was first used in England at the siege of Dover Castle.

Edward I was king of England, and started having concentric castles built. The English Civil War took place, and many castles were used by the royalists supporters of King Charles to defend themselves against the roundheads supporters of Parliament. Construction of Castle Drogo was finished — the last castle to be built in England.

Have a look through the pictures in the gallery below and see if you can spot the following: Concentric castle Beaumaris Castle in Wales Motte and bailey castle labelled diagram Motte and bailey castle Cardiff Castle in Wales Diagrams of three types of castles — motte and bailey, stone keep and concentric A stone keep Castle Rising in Norfolk A stone keep White Tower at the Tower of London Arrow loop from the inside Cutaway diagram of a castle wall Maiden Castle ramparts Diagram of how a trebuchet works A trebuchet A picture of a siege tower rolled up next to the castle walls.

These are some of the features that castles had to defend against enemy attacks: Very high walls with walkways along the top for soldiers to sit along, using battlements to fire weapons from and hide behind to protect themselves Towers along the walls first all built square, then round that soldiers could use to store spare weapons and protect themselves if the enemy started coming in along the wall in siege towers. The towers stuck out from the castle walls so that archers could see anyone who got too close to the walls and shoot them.

A portcullis that could be lowered in front of the castle doors to make it harder for the enemy to ram through. To try to take over a castle, the enemy would try some of these tactics and weapons: Trebuchet and catapults that could be used to fire rocks, hot tar and fireballs at or over the castle walls A battering ram on wheels that could be shoved back and forth against the castle door to try to break it down Climbing over the castle walls by propping long ladders up against the sides Tunnelling under the castle wall, catching the soldiers by surprise Rolling a siege tower up to the castle wall, giving an easy way to jump out onto the wall without having to climb up the side or tunnel under Words to know: Motte and Bailey Castles Locked.

Decline of the Castle Locked. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. Accessible across all of today's devices: Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. And so much more! To Recipients Please enter a valid email address. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma.

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The first castles were built by the Normans The great age of castles began almost 1, years ago and lasted for nearly years. The Normans introduced the first proper castles, starting with the wooden Motte and Bailey castles, to England following their victory at the Battle of Hastings in

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A castles is a large strong building, built in the past by a ruler or important person to protect the people inside from attack. They were both a home and a fortress. What is the biggest castle in England? The biggest castle in England is Windsor Castle, one of the three homes of the Queen. It is.

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The Normans built castles to help them defend the land they’d just conquered. They were built on hills so enemies could be seen coming from far away. William the Conqueror had some of England’s most famous castles built – these include Windsor Castle and the White Tower at the Tower of London. The walls on all four sides dropping vertically into the water, years ago and lasted for homework help castles years. Starting with the wooden Motte and Bailey castles, kings and nobles fortified their large homes to protect themselves.

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