The sustained yield concept dictates that whenever timber is removed, either by block cutting or by selective cutting, the denuded area must be reforested. Similarly, any forested land, which has been destroyed by fire or mining activities, should be reforested. In rugged terrain aerial seeding is the method of choice. Besides all this, fresh afforestation programmes should be started. This would increase the forest cover as well help in making up the eco-balance.
Selection of trees should be done according to local geographical conditions. For the development of villages, towns and cities, forestlands have been cleared and this process continues to this day causing loss of forest cover. This should be checked and green belts around cities be developed. Most of the present-day agricultural land was once forested and then cleared for the use of agriculture; it has reached a stage where further clearance will be dangerous for the entire ecosystem.
According to an estimate, about 40 million sq. Apart from commercial cutting, unorganized grazing is also one of the reasons. There are several forest diseases resulting from parasitic fungi, rusts, mistletoes, viruses and nematodes, which cause the destruction of trees.
The forests should be protected either by use of chemical spray, antibiotics or by development of disease resistant strains of trees. Generally, trees are cut for logs and the rest, including stump, limbs, branches and foliage, etc. Further waste occurs at the sawmills.
Therefore there is a need to utilize this waste material. Similarly, forests can be used or developed as tourist centres. This is a good method of forest conservation. In brief, conservation of forest resources can be done by cooperative efforts of the government, non-government organizations and the public through a proper management system.
The NFAP identified five interrelated basic issues confronting forestry development in India which form the basis of the following programme structures. These include the works of forest survey, demarcation and mapping, inventory, biodiversity conservation, protected area management, protection against poaching, encroachment and fire, and other related issues.
These mainly involve research, improvement in technology, enrichment planting, soil and water conservation, regeneration, rehabilitation, and afforestation, mainly in existing forests. This includes programme for reduction of demand placed on forests through the technology of preservation, seasoning, substitutions, and other measures for the efficient utilization of forest products and also through biomass plantations.
These include the development of infrastructure such as buildings, communications, etc. This issue also covers all aspects of capacity- building, forest policy and legislation, public forest administration and organizational structure, research, planning and budgeting. This issue includes the extension of forestry programme in all kind of wastelands and marginal farmlands.
It also includes the programme of certain of plantation forests through wasteland reclamation, afforestation, and promotion of agroforestry. Forestry is a concurrent subject in the Indian Constitution, being under the purview of both the central and state governments. Trees have great economic value too. We get fuel, fodder, timber, medicines and numerous other valuable products from the trees. It is, therefore, not surprising that trees were given great importance in our culture, our tradition, our mythology and legends.
The entire Panchatantra revolves around forests and its inhabitants. Tulsi plant is always found and worshipped in a traditional home. Pipal tree is revered by all. Neem is valuable as an insecticide, germicide and medicine, in the times when there were no coolers or air conditioners people comforted themselves in the cool shades of mango, neem and other trees during summer heat. The survival of entire wild life depends upon the health and well being of our trees and specially our forests.
Today, however, the forests are in danger. Their survival is at stake as man, in his blind pursuit of wealth and power, is bent upon destroying them. The urgent need today is to save our forests from extinction. For sustaining ecological balance, for environmental and other reasons, it is important that at least one third of our land is covered with forests. Over felling of trees, hindering natural process of pollination and germination and diverting land for other purposes have all taken their toll on forests.
So, the need of the hour is to work to save existing forests and help in bringing larger area under forests. The need to conserve forests and upgrade them was recognized decades back by the Indian Government.
Subsequently, to promote research in forestry and allied sciences, a Forest Research Institute, and for forest management, an Indian Institute of Forest Management were opened. While Indian Forest Service was organized on an efficient basis by Sir John Strachedy, a new orientation was given to it after independence.
The need to involve public was felt and so social forestry scheme was launched. The purpose was to make forestry a mass movement. One tree for every child, Trees for Eco-development and numerous other schemes were launched. To provide financial support, Forest Development Boards were set up.
An innovative scheme to involve industries and private parties in afforestation drive was launched under Industrial Plantation. To make use of the waste lands, marginal lands and desert lands, energy plantations, fodder plantations etc. Under DDP, forests were sought to be promoted not only to restore fragile ecological balance but also to provide people with the means of livelihood. Similarly, DPAP was launched with afforestation as its cornerstone.
Despite all such efforts, we find very little tangible result. Forests are still getting cut and degraded and wildlife still being destroyed.
Free Essay: The birth and growth of human civilization and culture has been very intimately connected with the forests. Forests have had a great influence on.
FOREST CONSERVATION Forests are one of the most important natural resources that have been gifted to mankind for their sustained existence on earth.
Forest Conservation Essay Intro Forest Conservation is the practice of planting and maintaining forested areas for the benefit and sustainability of future generations. Around the year in the United States, forest conservation became popular with the uses of natural resources. Free sample essay on the importance of Forest Conservation. The birth and growth of human civilization and culture has been very intimately connected with the forests. Forests have had a great influence on human thought and way of living. For example, the Vedas and Upanishads, the oldest known religious, philosophical and literary monuments of .
Forest Conservation Essay Rain forest biome final Tropical Rainforest A rainforest is a tropical forest, usually of tall, densely growing, broad-leaved evergreen trees in an area of high annual rainfall. (a) To strengthen efforts in forest conservation and the sustainable management of forest resources, it is imperative to ensure the participation of local community and that all national policy and strategies must indicate the forest area set aside for forest conservation and in the sustainable production of forest goods and services.