Aside from the ground test in the New Mexico desert, no one knew what destruction atomic weapons were capable of. Throughout the war, the city of Hiroshima had been left virtually untouched by U.
It is inferable, then, that the United States government hoped to see the full effect of nuclear power by detonating the atomic bomb on this locality, as they could be sure that any damage was from the atomic bomb alone. A similar reasoning could be applied to the usage of the second bomb, fat man, which was dropped on Nagasaki three days later. One could wonder if the motive behind this second attack was similar to the first; the only difference being that the bomb to be tested this time was considerably more powerful.
The final say on whether or not to drop die bomb came from President Harry Truman, who consulted with a special Committee known as the Interim Committee. Clayton; and the Assistant Secretary of State as well as many others. The work of the Interim Committee was to discuss the uses of the bomb and whether or not it would be wise to use nuclear force against Japan in combat.
On July 1, , the committee submitted a report to President Truman stating that: It was viewed by the media, U. Viewing the destruction firsthand should have convinced the United States that nuclear power was a real and tangible danger. They should have been quite sure at this point that the bomb would, indeed, detonate. This letter he wrote to Truman should have brought upon new ideas regarding the attack and our involvement.
If China would not handle it themselves, American should have come up with tactics that would not injure thousands of innocent people. Truman claimed in one of his diaries that the objective was to target military and army forces.
He claimed to have wanted to avoid any women and children. If this were true, why would the target place be one of the most populated cities in the country? Clearly innocent people would be in danger. Truman even comments on how terrible of a weapon the bomb was yet he still ordered for it to be used.
This carelessness proves how unjustified and inhumane the bombings were. Of course this is a good thing, but a benefit this big in exchange for the lives of the innocent? Soldiers were put to serve and fght for a country, using an atomic bomb as a defense to save the lives of those who are put to fght in exchange for a surrender that also took the lives of women and children ninvolved is malicious and not a Justified act of warfare.
Another reason why America was unjustified in dropping the atomic bombs was that fact that Japan was said to surrender a few months after the first warning was given. Unknown to the Japanese this was a reference to the A-Bomb. On the 6th of August , the Enola Gay was released over the city of Hiroshima12, an unprecedented attack resulting in mass scale destruction. Consequently, on the 14th of August, after failed attempts of safeguarding his position, the Emperor accepted the Allied terms.
The atomic bomb, although causing mass scale disaster, finished the cruel and drawn out conflict, however, does that mean that it was necessary, and can be justified? Perhaps the biggest debate which argues that the bomb was not needed was that fact Japan was in fact already defeated. Additionally, there is significant evidence to support the argument that Japan would have surrended without use of the Atomic bomb, had the US been willing to safe guard the position of the Emperor.
However despite the aforementioned evidence suggesting that the Japanese were already defeated, it is arguable that that did not mean that they would surrender. The invasion of Iwo Jima and Okinawa resulted in severe casualties, yet the Allies heard no talk of negotiations. From analysing the arguments for and against the US decision to drop the A bomb on Hiroshima it is clear that this controversial act of war is not easily declared right or wrong.
However, arguably it is harder to argue on the side of the Allies when it comes to determining the necessity of the second bomb on Nagasaki. After the dropping of the first bomb, the Soviets declared war on Japan, which many historians believe would have been more than enough to convince the Japanese to surrender. Further supported by Historian Gar Alperovitz, who believes that the shock of a soviet declaration of war would force Japan to realise defeat was inevitable and then clarification of surrender terms assurance of the Emperor would produce the surrender before an invasion took place.
However, the US failed to hear a response in the delegated amount of time, and thusly, launched a second bomb on Nagasaki, resulting in the eventual surrender of Japan. Additionally, it cannot be forgotten that the victims of the bomb were primarily innocent civilians, thus from a moral point of view, the action cannot be justified. However, Japans militaristic attitude throughout the war consistently affirmed the US belief that Japan would never surrender of their own accord, and the A bomb was a necessary action in order to conclude the war.
From analysing both sides of the argument i believe that the US did need to drop the first bomb in order to display to Japan that they did not have any other option but to surrender, however, the dropping of the second bomb was definitely not needed. The bombing of Hiroshima, in conjunction with the entry of the Soviet Union was more than enough to force Japan to surrender, and thusly, the bombing of Nagasaki cannot be justified.
Year of Decisions, Garden City 3. Eisenhower, The white house years: Mandate for change , Garden City 5. A diplomatic Record of forty years , Hougton Mifflin Company 7. Stimson, The decision to use the Atomic Bomb, week 13 reading 8.
- The Atomic Bomb The aftermath: Humanity, the Earth, Nature Some people often hear the word "Atomic Bomb" or hear about the cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki and picture .
Atomic Bomb essays On August 6, , at the American plane The Enola Gay changed history forever. The plane dropped the first atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima, Japan in a successful effort to ended World War II. The question on whether or not such a powerful attack was necessary to end.
The United States' rightful decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a military measure calculated to speed the end of the war. The bombings were nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States. Essay about The Atomic Bomb - In this paper, it will be discussed why the Atomic Bomb is the biggest method of destruction known to man. The paper will be discussing the results of the Atomic Bombs, along with the effects years after the initial explosion.
Essay on the dropping of Atomic bomb on Japan. On August 6, , a B bomber named Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb, on Hiroshima, Japan. Hiroshima had been almost eradicated with an estimated 70 – 80 thousand people killed. Three days later, a second, more powerful bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, killing . In pursuit of nothing less than unconditional surrender from Japan, and with the hopes of ending the war relatively soon, the United States had no choice but to drop the atomic bomb. And so on August 6th, , the first atomic bomb was released on the city of Hiroshima, Japan killing thousands instantly and thousands more in the weeks to follow.