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The Great Homework Debate: Is Homework Helpful or Harmful to Students?

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❶I pesonaly have too much homework and it is terrible, my math teacher gives us home work every day and it takes forever.

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SO people who are complaining parents need to consider to teach the kids how to manage their time and use it efficiently. Teach them how to focus and how not to be distracted. My parents taught me how to focus on homework and now homework only takes about 15 minutes. So yea do not complain if you have not tried doing these stuff yet. My first grade grandson has 2 hours of homework per night, as he had in kindergarten.

As a seasoned teacher, I feel this is highly inappropriate. His parents feel this is stressing him and not giving him time to unwind and just be a kid. It's no wonder that so many kids hate school.

The comments on this article are sad. I am a kid and I know homework is a necessity. The studies proving that there is a positive correlation between homework and achievements is overwhelming. People need to stop hating homework and start working on it especially when it is helping THEM. As for people who can't find time to do homework due to sports and other activities, make time. Doing well in school is more important than sports.

You can exercise any time you want and the chances of getting into a college due to a sports scholarship is very low. Better to focus on your educacion. I am already in 7th grade, and you might be thinking "she's a kid, she doesn't want to do her homework because she's lazy" well my friend, you are wrong. Most kids can't find the time to do their homework due to sports and other activities. Because of this, it would result in lower grades and more stress.

Would you rather have your student failing or have them ready to learn? I pesonaly have too much homework and it is terrible, my math teacher gives us home work every day and it takes forever.

Does this ten minute rule include all work such as reading, math facts, spelling, and special project work? I am doing research for the Educators Rising competition. I am writing a Creative Lecture on student voice and this has definitely helped me in amazing ways. Send This article to: Enter the e-mail address of the recipient. Multiple addresses need to be separated by commas characters max.

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Great Public Schools for Every Student. What does the current research state? This helped so much for a project im doing. This really helped me write a paper and speech for Debate Club.

Recommend it to everyone. Add Your Comment Name. Please type this text in the box below: Email A Friend Send This article to: Email A Friend Your Email has been sent. Parents ask questions that help students clarify and summarize what they have learned. Good and Brophy provided the following recommendations regarding parent involvement: Such assignments cause students and their parents or other family members to become engaged in conversations that relate to the academic curriculum and thus extend the students' learning.

Although research has established the overall viability of homework as a tool to enhance student achievement, for the most part the research does not provide recommendations that are specific enough to help busy practitioners.

This is the nature of research—it errs on the side of assuming that something does not work until substantial evidence establishes that it does. The research community takes a long time to formulate firm conclusions on the basis of research. Homework is a perfect example: Figure 1 includes synthesis studies that go back as far as 60 years, yet all that research translates to a handful of recommendations articulated at a very general level.

In addition, research in a specific area, such as homework, sometimes contradicts research in related areas. For example, Cooper recommended on the basis of plus years of homework research that teachers should not comment on or grade every homework assignment.

Riehl pointed out the similarity between education research and medical research. She commented, When reported in the popular media, medical research often appears as a blunt instrument, able to obliterate skeptics or opponents by the force of its evidence and arguments. Yet repeated visits to the medical journals themselves can leave a much different impression. The serious medical journals convey the sense that medical research is an ongoing conversation and quest, punctuated occasionally by important findings that can and should alter practice, but more often characterized by continuing investigations.

These investigations, taken cumulatively, can inform the work of practitioners who are building their own local knowledge bases on medical care.

If relying solely on research is problematic, what are busy practitioners to do? Instead, educators should combine research-based generalizations, research from related areas, and their own professional judgment based on firsthand experience to develop specific practices and make adjustments as necessary.

Educators can develop the most effective practices by observing changes in the achievement of the students with whom they work every day. Research-Based Homework Guidelines Research provides strong evidence that, when used appropriately, homework benefits student achievement.

To make sure that homework is appropriate, teachers should follow these guidelines: Legitimate purposes for homework include introducing new content, practicing a skill or process that students can do independently but not fluently, elaborating on information that has been addressed in class to deepen students' knowledge, and providing opportunities for students to explore topics of their own interest.

Design homework to maximize the chances that students will complete it. For example, ensure that homework is at the appropriate level of difficulty. Students should be able to complete homework assignments independently with relatively high success rates, but they should still find the assignments challenging enough to be interesting.

Involve parents in appropriate ways for example, as a sounding board to help students summarize what they learned from the homework without requiring parents to act as teachers or to police students' homework completion. Carefully monitor the amount of homework assigned so that it is appropriate to students' age levels and does not take too much time away from other home activities. When mom and dad help: Student reflections on parent involvement with homework.

Journal of Research and Development in Education, 31 3 , — The instructional effects of feedback in test-like events. Review of Educational Research, 61 2 , — The case against homework: How homework is hurting our children and what we can do about it.

The search for methods of group instruction as effective as one-toone tutoring. Educational Leadership, 41 8 , 4— Synthesis of research on homework. Educational Leadership, 47 3 , 85— The battle over homework 3rd ed. Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research, — Review of Educational Research, 76 1 , 1— Homework is a complicated thing. Educational Researcher, 25 8 , 27— School, family, and community partnerships: Preparing educators and improving schools.

Teachers' reported practices of parent involvement: Elementary School Journal, 83 , — Synthesis of educational productivity research [Special issue]. International Journal of Educational Research, 11 2 , — The lost cause of homework reform.

American Journal of Education, , 27— Looking in classrooms 9th ed. School-based home instruction and learning: Journal of Educational Research, 76 , — Measuring the effects of schooling.

Australian Journal of Education, 36 1 , 5— Parents' reported involvement in students' homework: The Elementary School Journal, 95 5 , — Using meta-analyses to answer the question: What are the important influences on school learning? School Psychology Review, 17 4 , — Why our kids get too much of a bad thing. The study of homework and other examples. The end of homework: How homework disrupts families, overburdens children, and limits learning.

Response to Kohn's allegations. Errors and allegations about research on homework. Classroom instruction that works: Research-based strategies for increasing student achievement.

National Education Commission on Time and Learning The effects of homework on learning: Journal of Educational Research, 78 , 97— Parental involvement in homework: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 6 3 , — A comparison of medical research and education research.

Educational Researcher, 35 5 , 24— Interactive homework in middle school: Effects on family involvement and science achievement. Journal of Educational Research, 96 , — The myth about homework. Time, 10 , Subscribe to ASCD Express , our free e-mail newsletter, to have practical, actionable strategies and information delivered to your e-mail inbox twice a month.

The Case Against Homework

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That study, published in The Journal of Experimental Education, suggested that any more than two hours of homework per night is counterproductive. However, students who participated in the study reported doing slightly more than three hours of homework each night, on average.

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For decades, the homework standard has been a “minute rule,” which recommends a daily maximum of 10 minutes of homework per grade level. Second graders, for example, should do about 20 minutes of homework each night. High school seniors should complete about two hours of homework each night.

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In support of the view of homework as helpful, many educators stress that specifically aligning homework to the learning task is part of the strategy for building understanding. The website Focus on Effectiveness cites several studies showing that in elementary school, homework helps build learning and study habits (Cooper, ; Cooper, Lindsay, Nye, & Greathouse, ; Gorges & Elliot, ). Research doesn't have all the answers, but a review of some existing data yields some helpful observations and guidance. How Much Homework Do Students Do? Survey data and anecdotal evidence show that some students spend hours nightly doing homework.

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Even when homework is helpful, there can be too much of a good thing. "There is a limit to how much kids can benefit from home study," Cooper says. He agrees with an oft-cited rule of thumb that students should do no more than 10 minutes a night per grade level — from about 10 minutes in first grade up to a maximum of about two hours in high school. Whereas homework can help facilitate the learning process, this sometimes is only true if there is an adult or other teacher figure present. Some argue that assigning too much homework can cause physical health problems, social development issues and increased stress levels for students.