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List of scientific publications by Albert Einstein

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❶In , Satyendra Nath Bose derived Planck's law of black-body radiation from a modification of coarse-grained counting of phase space.
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He decided to finish school in Aarau, Switzerland. In , he tried to enter into the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology a type of university. He took the entrance exam, failed it, and passed it the second time. In the institute Albert realized that his true love was Physics. Albert hated that school also, so much was his dislike toward the school, that he would not even attend the classes.

He would rather stay home and do experiments and have his friend take notes for him, then he would just study the notes on his own and take the tests.

Albert graduated from the university with not so prestigious grades, he tried to get a job at a university as a professor, but failed to find one. He even became a Swiss citizen to find a job in Switzerland, but it did not work out either. In he found a job at the patent office at Bern. All he had to do was put applications in for patents. This gave him time to devote himself to the Physics questions that he had and do scientific papers.

In he married Meliva Maritsch, he had two sons with her and discussed his ideas with her all the time. Einstein started to draw attention to himself when he started to publish his papers. In he was hired as a professor in the University of Zurich for his Annus Mirabilis-the four major papers that he wrote in his life-.

The first one was about the theoretical dissertations on the dimensions of molecules. The second was about the Brownian Motion; he made predictions about the motion of particles. The third one was about the Photoelectric Effect, which contained a revolutionary hypothesis on the nature of light. In this paper he wrote about the photon being proportional to frequency. His Fourth and most revolutionary paper was the one about Theory of Special Relativity, which contained the interaction viewed simultaneously by an observer at rest, and by an observer moving at uniform speed.

Albert did not really become world famous until some of the things in his Theory of Special Relativity proved to be true. In his theory he explained the unexplained variations in the orbital motion of the planets.

He felt more comfortable with numbers and ideas. Albert knew so much about these subjects that sometimes his teachers did not know the answers to his questions. He studied math and science outside of school, too. After graduation he was accepted into the Polytechnic School, a famous science college in Zurich, Switzerland.

He had decided to become a science teacher. Albert Einstein has been called the greatest scientist of all time. Einstein gave the world new ways of thinking about space, time, motion and energy.

His discoveries opened the door to the development of television, lasers, transistors, computer chips, nuclear power, and space exploration. Einstein began his work in the early years of the s. The turn of the century was an exciting time for the budding scientist. Until this time, the field of physics revolved around laws set down by Sir Isaac Newton in the s.

Electromagnetism and special relativity. Antwort auf eine Replik P. Harzers Answer to P. Astronomische Nachrichten , , 47—48, link. German edition of reference 51 ; pages — include the discussion following Einstein's address. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften , pt. Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte , part 2 , — Einstein still has not derived correct field equations, but he derives the geodesic motion of point particles, relates gravitational fields to rotation, and re-derives his results about the bending of light and gravitational redshift using the new metric tensor theory.

Scientia Bologna , 15 , — link. Listed only by title; same lecture as publication Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft , 96 pt. Antwort auf eine Abhandlung M. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft , 17 , —, Berichtigung , First of Einstein's four papers in November Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte , part 2 , —, — The first paper had corrected a fundamental misconception and had allowed Einstein to finish; however, the second introduced a serious mistake.

A pivotal paper in which Einstein shows that general relativity explains the anomalous precession of the planet Mercury , which had vexed astronomers since This paper also introduced the important calculational method, the post-Newtonian expansion. Einstein also calculated correctly for the first time the bending of light by gravity. This is the defining paper of general relativity. At long last, Einstein had found workable field equations, which served as the basis for subsequent derivations.

Proceedings of the Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam , 18 , —, link [ permanent dead link ]. Final consolidation by Einstein of his various papers on the subject - in particular, his four papers in November On Einstein's Equivalence Hypothesis and Gravitation. This paper introduced the idea of stimulated emission which led to the laser and maser , and Einstein's A and B coefficients provided a guide for the development of quantum electrodynamics , the most accurately tested theory of physics at present.

In this work, Einstein begins to realize that quantum mechanics seems to involve probabilities and a breakdown of causality. This was confirmed in by Compton scattering , for which the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded and which led to the general acceptance to the photon concept.

Statistical Theories in Thermodynamics: General relativity [] The first prediction of gravitational waves. Such gravitational radiation has been observed indirectly , for which the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded, and observed directly , on Earth, in Two Lectures on Goethe. Under certain simplifying assumptions, general relativity describes the birth , the expansion and the ultimate fate of the Universe.

Bemerkung zu Gehrckes Notiz: Lectures on General Relativity. Energiekomponenten des Gravitationsfeldes Note on E. The Energy Components of the Gravitational Field.

Kritisches zu einer von Hrn. Spielen Gravitationsfelder im Aufbau der materiellen Elementarteilchen eine wesentliche Rolle? Bemerkung zur Abhandlung von W. Contribution to the Theory of the Viscosity of Heterogeneous Systems. Notes on the page proofs with corrections. My Response on the Anti-Relativity Company. Report of a lecture at King's College on the development and present position of relativity, with quotations. The German text is reproduced in Mein Weltbild pp. It was also reported in Nature , p.

Bemerkung zur Seletyschen Arbeit: Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phys. Klasse , , 18— Bemerkung zu der Abhandlung von E. Klasse , , — Bemerkung zu der Arbeit von A. Bemerkung zu der Notiz von W. Classical unified field theories. Grommer; also given in Hebrew. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 32—38, 76— Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , — Antwort auf eine Bemerkung von W.

Anderson Response to an Observation of W. Photons and statistical mechanics. In , Satyendra Nath Bose derived Planck's law of black-body radiation from a modification of coarse-grained counting of phase space.

Einstein also extends Bose's formalism to material particles bosons , predicting that they condense at sufficiently low temperatures, as verified experimentally. Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft , pt. Treatment of the physics of radiometers , a science toy.

Quantentheorie des einatomigen idealen Gases. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin , Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 3— Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin , Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 18— Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin , Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , — Theorie der Quantenstrahlung Observation on P.

Mathematische Annalen , 97 , 99— link. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 23— Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 2—13, — Reprinted in Mein Weltbild The world as I see it , p. Planck [bei Entgegennahme der Planckmedaille] Address to Prof.

Reprinted in the Observatory , 52 , 82—87, — Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 2—7. Einstein's discussions with RG Loyarte on mass-energy equivalence and with H Damianovich on the relevance of relativity for a proposed "chemical field". A widely reported address, e. Mathematische Annalen , , — link. Erkenntnistheorie Review of S. Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Physikalisch-mathematische Klasse , , 18— Leigh Page of Yale University was provided on pages 7— This was neither a scientific talk nor a typical scientific paper; rather, a Yale graduate convinced Einstein to write the summary by longhand; the manuscript is still housed at Yale.

Rhodes lectures delivered at Oxford University in May Tolman and Boris Podolsky. Gravitational and electromagnetic fields [Translation of a preliminary report for the Josiah Macy, Jr. Gedenkworte auf Albert A. Michelson In Remembrance of Albert A. Berliners siebzigstem Geburtstag On Dr. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society , 41 , —, link [ permanent dead link ].

This important paper established that gravitational waves are possible despite the nonlinear nature of the Einstein field equations. Einstein and Rosen originally reached the opposite conclusion. Demonstration of the non-existence of gravitational fields with a non-vanishing total mass free of singularities. A pre-printing of the appendix to publication Corrections and additions, ibid. Technion Journal , 5 , 16—17, link [ permanent dead link ].

Zu Max Plancks Ansprachen in der deutschen physikalischen Gesellschaft , pp. Rijksuniversiteit Naturkundig Laboratorium, Gedenkboek aangeboden aan H. Kamerlingh Onnes , pp. Eddingtons Theorie und Hamiltonsches Prinzip Appendix: Die Physik , 2. Both Yiddish and German versions are provided. Celebratory Work for Dr.

Sample Essays. Albert Einstein was a German American scientist. He is best known for his theories on relativity and theories of matter and heat. Einstein is considered one of the greatest physicists of all time because he is thought to .

Free Albert Einstein papers, essays, and research papers.

Albert Einstein Essay 21 Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this man's work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Essays and criticism on Albert Einstein - Critical Essays.

Albert Einstein was the most influential scientist of our time. Despite troubles in education and learning as a child, Einstein surpassed the odds and helped revolutionize science today. With his theories on relativity and gravity, Einstein would inspire other great scientists explain the 3/5(6). Albert Einstein’s brain was taken from his head and was preserved by Thomas Harvey, who was a doctor and chief pathologist at Princeton University Hospital. Many individuals do not know that Albert Einstein had an extremely large head when he was born and many doctors believed that due to his big head he may suffer from mental retardation.