Stalin entered the Tiflis Theological Seminary when he was fourteen, but he was expelled in because of his involvement in a revolutionary anti-czarist group. A year later he was arrested and sent to a prison in Siberia, from which he escaped in , returning to the underground Marxist movement in Tiflis.
When Russian Marxism split into two factions—the radical Bolsheviks and the more moderate Menshiviks—Stalin sided with the Bolsheviks, thus aligning himself with Lenin and other major party leaders.
Beginning in he attended several international conferences of the Russian Social Democrats, where he was first introduced to Lenin. In the following years Stalin was arrested and imprisoned on several instances; each time he escaped. The following year he began writing for the party newspaper Pravda, under the pseudonym Joseph Stalin, which means "man of steel. In fact, most historians agree that Stalin played a rather insignificant role in the first years following the revolution; he was appointed People's Commissar for Nationalities and was a military commissar during the civil war of Although Lenin valued Stalin for his organizational abilities and appointed him to the post of general secretary, a powerful position, Stalin's emphasis on Russian nationalism made Lenin uncomfortable.
Leon Trotsky also quarreled with Stalin on policy and theoretical issues at this time; Lenin usually sided with Trotsky, but as general secretary Stalin's position of power was secure. Lenin, before his death, allegedly warned other party members about Stalin's potential for abusing power but was too ill to take action.
Lenin died in , and within five years Stalin had total control of the party. His first act was to extinguish Lenin's New Economic Policy NEP —intended to introduce a limited amount of free trade to the Soviet system in order to revive the economy after the civil war—and replace it with his own policy of collectivization, which nationalized the agricultural industry.
Collectivization was an unmitigated disaster: With agricultural production cut in half, mass famine ensued, and at least three to ten million peasants died of starvation. Stalin denied blame for the failure of collectivization, accusing others of misunderstanding his directives. His other major goal was to introduce widespread industrialization to the USSR, in order to move the country from an agriculture-based to an industry-based economy.
In this he succeeded—initiating the machinery that would eventually make the Soviet Union a superpower nation—in large part because of the slave labor provided by the millions of Soviet citizens imprisoned in the gulags.
He, effectively, utilised propaganda, pragmatism and a certain amount of good luck to keep his reign secure, and also to make sure that it was likely to stay secure for a good many years to come.
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We are really sorry but we cannot send the sample immediately. Only the users having paid subscription get the unlimited number of samples immediately. The farmers were required to hand over a certain amount of produce to the state each year. The young, large-scale, socialized agriculture, growing now even faster than big industry, had a great future and could show miracles of growth. Collectivization was mainly directed against the kulaks, which were the rich peasants who owned their own land.
Basically, Stalin would take land from the people who had owned it since Many peasants were forced to work for the state as a part of a collective commune. Some peasants and many kulaks resisted collectivization. They slaughtered their own cattle rather than to turn it over to the government. On the collective farms, peasants would be paid wages in return for handing over the produce to the government. In , the Soviet Union joined the League of Nations and made diplomatic agreements.
Before WW2, both the axis powers and the democracies realized that the balance of power in Europe depended of which side Russia joined. If they joined Britain and France, Hitler would be forced to fight a two-front war. Both sides entered negotiations with Russia, but Stalin and communist Russia had been distrusted by both sides in the past.
On August 23, , Stalin and Hitler signed a non-aggression treaty. This Nazi-Soviet pact was shocking to all countries, but Russia had stated that it was for national self-interest only. Stalin wished to avoid war until, at least Russia was prepared. But later, Stalin was aware that Germany might eventually attack his country. On June , German troops invaded Russia.
Stalin, Joseph (Born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) Soviet dictator. Stalin led the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as absolute dictator for twenty-four years.
Free stalin papers, essays, and research papers. Stalin's Worldview and the Application of Communism - Introduction This essay investigates to what extent Josef Stalin’s personal and political worldviews shape and reflect his application of Communism.
But in spite of his cruel methods, Joseph Stalin deserves the title of the ‘Father of the USSR’, for industrializing the country, collectivizing its agriculture and making the Soviet Union more active in international affairs. - This essay will compare the three leaders who are famous for their dictatorship and totalitarianism during the 30's decade-Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini and Joseph Stalin.
Feb 03, · Soviet Union Leader: Joseph Stalin Essay Words | 5 Pages Joseph Stalin’s three decade long dictatorship rule that ended in , left a lasting, yet damaging imprint on the Soviet Union in political, economic and social terms. Joseph Stalin was born Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili on Dec 21st in Gori, Georgia of the Soviet Union to Vissarion (Beso) and Ekaterina Dzhugashvili. His .