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Eating Disorders: More to Them Than Meets The Mouth

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❶Society is ever changing. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa and atypical bulimic nervosa:

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The current article is designed to provide you with more information about the nature of eating disorders, their causes, potential treatments, and strategies for prevention. This information can be helpful in determining whether you or someone you love has an eating disorder.

Before we begin, though, we want to stress two important points:. Between 5 and 10 million Americans have anorexia or bulimia and another 25 million suffer with binge eating disorder. Hopefully, knowing that other people have experienced what you are going through, and have gotten better with treatment, will provide you with some sense of hope.

Second, don't rely on your "willpower" to get over this condition. As mentioned previously, an eating disorder is a serious, potentially life-threatening disease. I Don't Like To Eat. Is This A Eating Disorder? Women And Disordered Eating Behaviors: Am I A Binge Eater? Infants Child Development And Parenting: Find top rehab centers and providers nationwide: For those seeking addiction treatment for themselves or a loved one, the MentalHelp.

When her family came to know about this, she was restricted and was advised against it. At the same time when alone at school 1-day, she felt like eating notebook paper and got immense pleasure after it. An hour later she had another piece of paper and passed the whole day without having any adverse impact. Next day also without the knowledge of her classmates she ate three pieces of paper. Within a month, she developed a habit of eating A4 size papers daily during school time.

She had never tried to cut down on eating paper until she was brought to the hospital. Meanwhile, while transferring kerosene to another container she accidentally experienced the smell of kerosene and was inclined towards that smell. She felt good, and that led her to smell kerosene daily without her family's knowledge. She used to feel relaxed and detached from the surroundings after inhaling the kerosene for about h.

After 6 months of this practice she realized that if she misses inhaling the kerosene for even 1 or 2 days she will feel restless, having low mood at school, not interested in doing any household work and craving to inhale kerosene. In that frustration, she used to eat around 10 papers daily and run behind autos and other vehicles to inhale that smell.

Her family noticed that she had academic problems, had poor concentration and was not helping in household works. She was frequently angry, argumentative, throwing things at parents and trying to harm herself. After about 3 years family noticed her addiction practices and brought her for evaluation. On examination she was well kempt, cooperative and rapport could be established. There was no mood, thought or perception abnormality.

She had partial insight and was willing for the treatment. Cognitive functions, physical examination, investigations such as complete blood picture, urine routine and X-ray abdomen, liver function and serum electrolytes were normal. Possibility of lead poisoning was also excluded after peripheral blood smear examination. She was diagnosed to have pica xylophagia with mental and behavior disorder due to use of volatile solvents. She was admitted and started with paroxetine 25 mg in 2 divided doses.

To control her withdrawal symptoms clonazepam 0. After 2 days her withdrawal symptoms were under control, baclofen 20 mg was added for control of craving and supplemental multi-vitamin injectable preparations. Patient and family members were psycho-educated about the nature of the illness and harmful consequences of addiction. Cognitive behavior therapy CBT was employed for stress reduction, coping skills, challenge distressing thoughts and preventing damaging behaviors.

After 6 sessions of CBT she started showing improvement in her motivation levels, compulsive behavior and role of psycho-therapy. During the 12 days of hospital stay she remained abstinent from eating paper and inhaling the kerosene, and was considered fit for discharge with an advice for follow-up and continued medications with CBT.

Pica is sometimes a culturally sanctioned practice and may not be pathological. Although pica is the most common eating disorder in individuals with developmental disabilities and children, in this case there was no history of childhood developmental disabilities.

Although the etiology of pica is unknown, more recent cases of pica have been tied to the obsession — compulsion spectrum disorder. Numerous hypotheses like psychosocial, biochemical, cultural, socioeconomic and psychodynamic factors explain this phenomenon. Pica may be benign, or it may be associated with life-threatening complications. The onset of inhalant use disorder is a major concern in adolescence as missed in routine enquiry. Most epidemiological studies do not include questions for eliciting solvent abuse, causing poor recognition of the magnitude of problem.

They are capable of producing a rapid euphoria and use cannot be detected after a few hours due to their volatile nature, making it easier for the user to conceal. Treatment is generally supportive, and there are no standardized medication regimens or psycho-therapeutic recommendations till date for the treatment of xylophagia and pica.

Residential care in a drug-free environment with family support, improving existing personal, social and environmental strengths may help. Pica, in the context of other eating disorders, has received little attention in the past, and this is the first case of adult onset pica, without mental retardation, in the context of volatile solvent dependence reported in the literature.

Causes of Eating Disorders

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An eating disorder is a psychological dysfunction that causes a person to change their eating habits to eating less, or more etc. Firstly a biological approach was studied by Holland () on genetic .

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There are many types of eating disorders, this paper concentrates on the causes and prevalence of the two most common ones, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia nervosa. There are a variety of possible causes that lead to an eating disorder such as culture, socioculture, family life, and genetic disorders.

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Xylophagia is a condition involving the consumption of paper and form of eating disorder known as pica. Pica is an unusual craving for ingestion of either edible or inedible substances. Inhalants are volatile substances, which produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to induce a . Get eating disorders essays introduction and eating disorders research paper done for you at amazing rates. We will help with research paper topics on eating disorders fast. All Essays about eating disorders online.

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