However, he has not forgotten the second part of the prophecy of the witches. Banquo and his successors would seem to be in line for the crown and Macbeth decides to kill him and his son, Fleance. Macbeth hires men to murder them and in the course of the crime they manage to kill Banquo, but Fleance escapes.
At the celebration that night, Macbeth is put into a terror when the ghost of Banquo appears at the dining table. Even as Lady Macbeth attempts to reassure him, Macbeth begins to be rattled. Macbeth returns the following day to the place where he met the witches who foretold the prophecy. Upon this second meeting, the witches confirm the original prophecy and tell Macbeth further that Macbeth will be invincible in his battle against the forces which are moving against him in the forests of Birnam.
Macbeth soon learns that Macduff has deserted him and from here he begins his tragic fall. He attacks and murders the family of Macduff. While Macduff is in England swearing his allegiance to Malcom, he gets the news of the murder of his family.
Malcom convinces Macduff that he should take revenge against Macbeth. Lady Macbeth becomes ill and she starts walking in her sleep seemingly in a delirium. She has fragmentary memories of the details of the murder. The play begins to move quickly after this point, alternating between scenes of Malcom advancing with his army against Macbeth and Macbeth preparing his defense.
Macbeth believes he see the woods themselves moving toward his defenses at Dunsinane. He finally squares off against Malcom in combat. As Macbeth boasts of the prophecy that he cannot be killed by a man born of woman, Malcom tells him that he was brought to birth by a cesarean section, thus he was not, strictly speaking, born of a woman.
Macbeth, in his arrogance, refuses to believe this and attacks Malcom. Malcom is finally crowned King of Scotland. Macbeth is a powerful and capable general and soldier. However, he falls prey to ambition and he is easily influenced as soon as the prophecy which leads to him becoming Thane of Cawdor comes true. From this point on he is under the easy influence of Lady Macbeth and is compelled to commit murder. Since he has none of the character traits of a king, his only way of dealing with crises is to commit more murder.
He second-guesses all of his actions and is never comfortable with his role as a villain. His ambition and lack of resolve ultimately lead him to over-reach and he walks directly into his own predicted death.
The wife of Macbeth, she at first appears ruthless and driven entirely by ambition for glory and power. She goads Macbeth into murdering the king. However, shortly after the murder and violence begin, Lady Macbeth is plagued with guilt and remorse. This eventually drives her to madness and suicide.
She does appear to be genuinely in love with Macbeth, as if her criminal ambition is truly driven by a desire for his success. Yet she is more overwhelmed with the horror of their crimes that Macbeth and cannot sustain the ruthlessness which sets the play in motion.
They taunt him and goad his actions which lead to his tragic fall. The witches operate as magic figures in the play much like the oracles of ancient tragedy. He is the counter to Macbeth. Although Banquo is also a brave and ambitious soldier, he pays attention to the prophecy of the witches and follows his duty rather than his ambition.
Representative of an old order to royalty and knightly virtue, his murder is the crime which sets Macbeth on his tragic path. The royal order embodied in Duncan cannot be restored until Malcom takes the throne. He is opposed to and suspects Macbeth from the start.
He is the leader of the attack which restores rightful order to Scotland and he is the embodiment of justified vengeance in his fight against Macbeth. He represents the return of order in the play not simply because he takes the throne but because his ascendency follows the rightful order. That Malcom, though he kills Macbeth, is reticent in the beginning demonstrates his refusal to give in to similar ambitions and criminal tendencies like Macbeth.
His restoration of the proper line of kings is an embodiment of natural rights over ruthless ambition. We see evidence throughout the play that Macbeth is by nature a brave soldier and one who adheres to duty. Lady Macbeth also says many things throughout the play which demonstrate that her motivations are more honest than her actions.
Yet, the corrupting influence of ambition and the love of power undermine her as much as Macbeth. Both characters become undone both internally and externally. They are punished by their own sense of guilt and Macbeth, at least, is punished with death for his crimes. The supernatural is obvious in the witches.
Their power and influence is entirely the stuff of magic. All of these influences spur the violence and crime throughout the play. As the king is the natural head of the nation, so it is a crime against nature to kill him and these types of crimes are monstrous. Though the witches may appear as supernatural monsters, it is Macbeth who becomes the monster by going against the natural order.
Lady Macbeth also oversteps her nature. As a female character in Elizabethan England, she goes against nature when she advises and directs her husband to commit his crimes. She defies her natural role as a subservient woman.
Her subsequent illness and suicide are the penalty for defying her nature. Once Macbeth begins his crimes, each subsequent crime creates the justification for more crime. He feels at least partially justified in his murder of the king because he believes he has a right to the throne.
But as soon as he commits the crime, he is stricken with remorse. The dual burden of remorse and fear of revenge leads him to commit more murders. Macbeth is justifiably killed in the end but only after there is clear evidence of justified revenge.
Spoken by Lady Macbeth as she reads a letter from her husband explaining the prophecy of the witches. She fears he is too influenced by human kindness to simply take the easy route to the throne by killing the king. Here she also demonstrates the theme of female influence over masculine right.
Spoken by Lady Macbeth, we see two of the important themes in the play. Her ambition outstrips her natural state of being a woman.
The clear themes of ambition are everywhere apparent in these lines. Research the significance of witchcraft during the early s to support your arguments. Focus on their creepy appearance, ability to persuade and manipulative techniques. At one point, they frustrate Hecate because they don't include her in the meetings with Macbeth. Show how the three witches add mystery, suspense and intrigue to "Macbeth.
Examine Lady Macbeth's downward spiral into madness, despair and suicide. Show how the murders -- committed in a desperate attempt to gain political power -- eat away at her.
Even from the beginning, she appears somewhat shaken by the events and faints at the sight of blood. Evaluate her influence over her husband and why she so willingly accepts the witches' prophesies. Explain how guilt and sorrow eventually drive her to madness and suicide, using her famous monologue "Out, damned spot" to support your topic. As curriculum developer and educator, Kristine Tucker has enjoyed the plethora of English assignments she's read and graded!
Her experiences as vice-president of an energy consulting firm have given her the opportunity to explore business writing and HR. Tucker has a BA and holds Ohio teaching credentials. How to Analyze a Shakespeare Play. The Role of Women in Macbeth. Research Paper Topics About Macbeth. Accessed 14 September Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name.
References Folger Shakespeare Library:
Macbeth, in his arrogance, refuses to believe this and attacks Malcom. Macbeth is killed. Malcom is finally crowned King of Scotland. Characters Analysis. Macbeth. Macbeth is a powerful and capable general and soldier.
Macbeth Research Paper. Macbeth Research Paper Writing Techniques. Macbeth research paper is meant to be written as if the play is seen and heard.
Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are two characters that are responsible for the bloody actions that occur in Macbeth. Blood is a reoccurring image that travels with the characters, not only on their hands, but in their minds. Macbeth Research Paper Tips on Writing a Macbeth Research Paper Let’s face it – Shakespeare is a literary icon, who has given the world much to thank him for, but analyzing his works in your own words can be a difficult task.
Macbeth This Research Paper Macbeth and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on ct4uc3541.cf Autor: review • October 30, • Research Paper • 5, Words (24 Pages) • 1, Views4/4(1). Research topics should center on important themes, such the insatiable desire for political power, free will and guilt. A discourse on the role that important characters -- such as Macbeth, Lady Macbeth and the three witches -- play .