Addressing rehabilitation issues and the role of the community, the focus for prevention was left to each local community. With no centralized federal, state, or local strategy to reduce delinquency, and no financial or technical support, initial efforts to control delinquency through community organizations was a relative failure, leading Congress to pass the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act in Later revised in , and renamed the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, the goal of this act was to assist states and local communities by providing preventative, community-based services to youth in danger of becoming delinquent, to help train individuals in occupations providing such services, and to provide technical assistance in the field through the U.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The s brought a rise in violent crime rates and a new focus on cracking down on crime. The War on Drugs in the s also fueled the desire to get tough on crime and create a more punitive juvenile justice system.
Public fears mounted about youth who adopt a culture of violence. Despite subsequent acknowledgment that such fear was overstated, the public outcry made a lasting impression on the juvenile justice system and the way in which U. By the end of the s, almost every state had enacted a law that made it easier for a juvenile to be tried in adult court and face adult sentences by lowering ages for transfer or waivers for violent crimes.
The trend toward a more conservative approach to juvenile justice continues, with the marked exception of the death penalty. In , the case of Thompson v. Oklahoma set the precedent for juvenile sentencing when the U. Supreme Court held that the execution of juveniles under the age of 16 was unconstitutional. As of , the United States was one of only a few countries to carry out the death penalty on those under age This changed in when, in Roper v.
This example Juvenile Justice System Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services. Essays on Controversial Topics. The prosecutor allows for hearings again from both the accused and accuser and the judge gives the general conviction where an appeal is authorized in case the conviction is not a death sentence.
In this case, there is a possibility of even issuing a death sentence by the judge since it is a robbery case with evident arm weapons. If not so, there must be a huge penalty or failure to, imprisonment of very many years. In the children's court, the process seems different because the accused is an under 18 years. The process starts with the arrest. This is where the law enforcers decide where the victim will be punished or taken to other court procedures.
Usually, juvenile cases are heard and solved in juvenile courts but such heavy cases like the armed robbery, the prosecutor may decide to take it to a criminal court. A delinquency petition is then formed to inform the judge of the claims against the teenager, and he is asked to hear and decide the case Fradella, All the testimonies and witnesses including the officer who arrested the youth are expected to say something at this stage.
This is done in a criminal court after the intake officer, or the prosecutor has sent a waiver petition. This will finally lead to other stages of prosecution and verdict given by the judge. In the case of an imprisonment statement, the juvenile is taken to a youths' prison different from the standard adult one. From the perspective of the defendant response guidelines, the adult court process and punishment is the most appropriate.
It is evident that the victim participated in a robbery while armed. According to Hahn, et al. It is necessary, therefore that a stern, similar and appropriate action be taken to criminals regardless of the age to make them learn and be a lesson to the remaining who may attempt to join the victim's school of thought. Concisely, the court process is not equal due to consideration of various factors majorly age.
This is an advantage to youth offenders since the law tends to be slightly soft on them giving them different options to enable them to retract and rejoin the healthy direction. This sounds contrary to that of the adults. Boston College Type of paper: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
Juvenile Justice essays In the society we live in today, juvenile justice is a nation wide concern of law enforcement. However to what extent the laws and penalties used towards the youth of today has been a major focus of many criminologists and organizations around the nation.
The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that "sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies having to do with juvenile delinquency"(Weiner.
All those factors and others imply that the juvenile justice system should be coherently different from the adult criminal justice system. The rationale for behind giving special handling with young offenders is the idea of parens patriae (the state as parent). Juvenile Justice System Essay The U.S. juvenile justice system is currently designed to address the special needs of minors who engage in criminal acts but might not yet be held fully responsible for their behavior, as they .
Juvenile justice system essay. In any jurisdiction, there are laws or rules put in place to govern all the activities of the region. Going against the rules means a court process exposure, which will determine what will happen at the end of the day. These courts exist in two forms, juvenile court for children under 18 years, and the adult court. This paper examines juvenile and criminal justice policies and practices with respect to young offenders who cross over from the juvenile to the criminal justice system. /5(10).