These programs allow the development of language skills as students learn content area knowledge in a more understandable way. In primary school, content-based instruction is self-contained and leads to mainstream-ing, that is, a gradual shift of students to all-English classes, as they become fully proficient in English. Most higher education institutions have ESL programs for their international, resident, and U. These programs concentrate on general language skills needed for general academic work across disciplines as well as learning and study skills.
Courses range from academic reading and writing to oral presentation skills. The majority of the undergraduate students are U. These students are known as generation 1. Depending on the institution, these undergraduates take ESL classes as a prerequisite to the general English requirement or as an optional course in lieu of general English courses.
Graduate students, on the other hand, are mostly international students who need to develop further their written or oral communication skills in English to meet the language demands of their academic discipline. These students have an array of ESL classes specifically designed for the language requirements of their disciplinary community. These courses, which range from oral communication skills for teaching assistants to dissertation writing, are housed in English for academic purposes EAP programs—one of the divisions of English for specific purposes ESP.
The primary focus of ESP programs is ESL courses tailored to the specific learning and language use needs of students, most of whom are educated adult learners. In addition to EAP, ESP programs include English for occupational purposes EOP programs, which concentrate on the teaching and learning of either English for workers in non-professional contexts vocational English or English for professionals, such as English for business and economics, English for science and technology, English for medical purposes, and English for legal purposes.
Adult immigrants and refugees interested in learning ESL find themselves taking courses in adult education programs. Located in community centers, schools, and churches, these programs respond quickly to the changing needs of fluctuating immigrant populations and diverse adult learners. Most of these students are working adults who need to acquire basic skills in English. Others are preparing for citizenship or trying to complete a general education diploma.
Classes are typically multilevel, meet in the evening or on weekends, and have open enrollment to allow students to register and drop the class at any point in the term. Although ESL is crucial in facilitating the adjustment to the new environment and integration to U.
This example English as a Second Language Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services.
Essays on Controversial Topics. Need a custom essay? It was used in the administration, higher education and as a link language between educated speakers of Bengali and Urdu. Now in Bangladesh, English is taught as a foreign language in the curriculum.
Since , it is introduced as a compulsory subject and remains so until 14th grade in the national curriculum. Outside the government funded institutions, there are innumerable language centers, English medium schools and a good number of private universities who teach English according to their own curriculum and syllabuses.
At present, there are no training institutes exclusively for English teachers in Bangladesh. The usually followed methodology for classroom language teaching is Grammar-Translation method. In the examination system ranging from primary to tertiary level, the topics of prime focus usually include questions based on prose and poetry, grammar items, reading comprehension, translation, paragraph writing, letter writing and composition writing.
Besides, the evaluation of the contents of English text books shows mat students' ability of communication through language is given secondaryconsideration whereas thematic or knowledge of society is given the primary consideration.
As a result, students are often deprived of the varieties of language inputs necessary for their everyday life of communication. Moreover, the students listening and writing skills are not at all measured in our testing system. However, communicative system has been introduced at secondary and higher secondary levels.
As for classroom teaching methodology, most of the language teachers come. Among the universities, Dhaka University, at present, offers only a one year course titled 'Applied linguistics and ELT' at the masters level. Need for learning English: In present world, English is not just a language rather it acts as indispensable resource for the countries. It provides a common means of expressing Views and voices of the people all over the world.
Thus, it is more essential I for the people of a country like ours as large number of our youths are not lihli 1 to compete in this competitive world. Second, unemployment is one of the greatest problems of our country. A large number of our educated youths are unemployed. However, they are not fit for competing in international job market. One of their incompetence in this regard is lack of proficiency in English. Because, those who have the proper knowledge of English language and communication skills, can easily move throughout the world and maintain a suitable job.
Third, the modern age is the age of science and technology. Almost all the technological and scientific terms and versions are in English. Hence, those have no proper knowledge of English language, they cannot acquire the knowledge of science and technology.
So, for a country like ours, where the level of scientific and technological development is at the bottom line, the fleet! Even technologically developed countries like Japan have also made English the second language. Fourth, against the down fall of our garments sector, the most foreign exchange earner, government should look for other options.
In this regard remittance is the second largest sector earning foreign exchanges. Thus government should undertake effective programs to increase the export manpower all over the world and seek for new markets.
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English as a Second Language Introduction: English is an international language. Today, it has become a media for linking oneself with international communication channels and moving through information highways.
English as a second language is becoming more popular all across the globe. It is not surprising, because English is the main language of business and commerce, trade, advertising, sport, of science, medicine, education, of popular music, entertainment, computers, video games and the Internet. English as a second language (ESL) is a multifaceted term associated with several aspects in the area of English language teaching and learning. Broadly speaking, it refers to the use or study of English by speakers of other languages who are permanently or temporarily residing in English-dominant countries, such as Australia, Canada, .
teaching english as a second language in a multicultural and multilingual environment like nigeria- the hospitality experience. Language is said to be a system in which the combination of sounds form words and the combination of words form sentences for a representation of knowledge is determined by a system of rules. English - The Most Important Second Language Essay examples Words | 11 Pages. 1. English - the most important second language Over million people in the world speak English and it is the international language of diplomacy, business, science, technology, banking, computing, medicine, engineering, tourism, and Hollywood films.